Coffee Tasting Terms
The Coffee Definitions and Home Roasting Coffee Terms in this section are used in “scoring” our coffees during cupping—Cupping is what we coffee geeks call a coffee tasting. They are generally subjective, and should only be used as comparisons with other coffees.
Fragrance and Aroma
Other coffee taste terms
It is a coffee with lighter aromas and flavours but not necessarily less complex or pleasant, indeed very often the most delicate coffees can make you fall in love, especially if filtered.
Terms Used in coffee Roasting
The bean protective layer that comes off the coffee during roasting. In the drupe (or coffee cherry) is the seed protective layer and it is placed in between the seed and the parchment. of the coffee bean that remains attached to the bean after processing. Anyway, this layer pops out from the bean during the roasting process and using airflow technology the chaffs are drown to a collector avoiding fire and so smoky aromas or flavors.
When the coffee reach a certain temperature the moisture in the bean create steam. The bean expand and the steam escape with a certain violence from the inner bean creating cracks. This stage of roasting is one of the most important and delicate stages, the way you manage this stage can put your signature on a good job or even compromise a previous stage of perfect roasting profile. It is generally accepted as the point where pyrolysis begins. It is quite easy to understand when it occurs as you can distinctively hear the coffee popping ( literally like pop corns).
After passing first crack, could be your choice to roast it dark. When you built up more heat in you coffee the beans could reach a second crack. This is less audible and faster. During this phase the chemical reactions will include the wood compounds of the same beans. Our company never bring the coffee to the second crack as we believe this part of the roasting could add only unpleasant and roasted notes flattening the nice complexity of a specialty coffee.
The quakers are unripe coffee beans roasted. The unripe bean will react differently and they will look less roasted. They are quite different in color as they looks lighter in color. If you brake one of them they will smell like row peanuts. There could be always a small few of them, the important is not to exceed. To many of them could compromise the final cup.
other coffee curiosities
The coffee itself has certain terms and abbreviations associated with it that are primarily used by people within the industry to describe the coffee. In this section I’ll try to explain those we use here at The Captain’s Coffee. Hope it helps you understand the coffee a bit more.
Certified Organic Coffee Coffee that carries the “organic” label has been tested and certified to have been grown, processed, shipped and packaged without exposure to agricultural or other chemicals. Unfortunately this is an expensive procedure reason why many producers can’t afford to obtain it. There are many producer that could actually apply for it but cause of the expenses make the certification not sustainable for their business.
SHG and SHB Coffee Beans
Abbreviation of “Strictly High Grown” and “Strictly Hard Bean” respectively. That means that the coffee is grown in altitude (over 1200 masl ). High altitude is commonly associated to a higher quality of the beans (not always true but quite realistic). It is an abbreviation commonly found in central and south america origins.
Shade Grown and Bird Friendly
The coffee is grown under the shade of taller trees. This not only respect the natural habitat and way of growing of coffee plants but it preserve the same forest: natural habitat for birds and not only.
Obviously this way to grow coffee make the job harder for farmers and the corps are obviously lower in quantity as the coffee tree are spread and not placed for an intensive production.
This has a huge positive impact in sustainability but the price for this coffee will be obviously higher.